- Common Phrasal Verbs. Note: get on with; look after, fed up with, put off, make up, etc.
- Verb + Gerund. Note: like doing, enjoy doing, go swimming, etc.
- Verb + Infinitive. Note: hope to do, want to do, manage to do, etc.
- Basic Verb and Preposition Combinations. Note: listen to, arrive at, go through, etc.
- Comparatives & Superlatives. Note: taller than, more beautiful than, as tall as, happier than, the tallest, the most difficult, etc.
1. The alphabet.
2. Countries and nationalities.
This chart lists many of the countries or nations in the world, with the following information:
- Name of country
- Adjective used for that country (also describes nationality)
- Noun used for a person from that country
Look at these example sentences:
She comes from France. She is French. Her nationality is French. She is a Frenchwoman. She drives a French car. She speaks French.
|Belarus||Belarusian or Belarusan||a Belarusian or a Belarusan|
|Burma (official nameMyanmar)||Burmese||a Burmese|
|Cape Verde Islands||Cape Verdean||a Cape Verdean|
|Costa Rica||Costa Rican||a Costa Rican|
|Croatia||Croat or Croatian||a Croat or a Croatian|
|Czech Republic||Czech||a Czech|
|Dominican Republic||Dominican||a Dominican|
|El Salvador||Salvadorean||a Salvadorean|
|England||English||an Englishman, an Englishwoman|
|France||French||a Frenchman, a Frenchwoman|
|Gambia, the||Gambian||a Gambian|
|Holland (also Netherlands)||Dutch||a Dutchman, a Dutchwoman|
|Ireland, Republic of||Irish||an Irishman, an Irishwoman|
|Madagascar||Malagasy or Madagascan||a Malagasy or a Madagascan|
|Monaco||Monégasque or Monacan||a Monégasque or a Monacan|
|Myanmar see Burma||-||-|
|Netherlands, the (seeHolland)||Dutch||a Dutchman, a Dutchwoman, or a Netherlander|
|New Zealand||New Zealand (used attributively only, as in New Zealand butter but not
||a New Zealander|
|North Korea||North Korean||a North Korean|
|Papua New Guinea||Papua New Guinean orGuinean||a Papua New Guinean or a Guinean|
|the Philippines||Philippine||a Filipino|
|Saudi Arabia||Saudi Arabian or Saudi||a Saudi Arabian or a Saudi|
|Serbia||Serb or Serbian||a Serb or a Serbian|
|Seychelles, the||Seychellois||a Seychellois|
|Sierra Leone||Sierra Leonian||a Sierra Leonian|
|Slovenia||Slovene or Slovenian||a Slovene or a Slovenian|
|Solomon Islands||-||a Solomon Islander|
|South Africa||South African||a South African|
|South Korea||South Korean||a South Korean|
|Sri Lanka||Sri Lankan||a Sri Lankan|
|Suriname||Surinamese||a Surinamer or a Surinamese|
|Tajikistan||Tajik or Tadjik||a Tajik or a Tadjik|
|Trinidad and Tobago||Trinidadian
|Turkmenistan||Turkmen or Turkoman||a Turkmen or a Turkoman|
|United Arab Emirates (UAE)||UAE or Emirates (used attributively only, as in UAE buildings, Emirates holidaysbut not
|United Kingdom (UK)||UK (used attributively only, as in UK time but not
|United States of America (USA)||US (used attributively only, as in US aggression but not
||a US citizen|
|Wales||Welsh||a Welshman, a Welshwoman|
|Western Samoa||Western Samoan||a Western Samoan|
3. Days of the week.
4. Months of the year.
5. Ordinal and cardinal numbers.
A cardinal number tells "how many." Cardinal numbers are also known as "counting numbers," because theyshow quantity.
Here are some examples using cardinal numbers:
- 8 puppies
- 14 friends
Ordinal numbers tell the order of things in a set—first, second, third, etc. Ordinal numbers do not show quantity. They only show rank or position.
Here are some examples using ordinal numbers:
- 3rd fastest
- 6th in line
Greeting is an act of communication in which human beings (as well as other animals) intentionally make their presence known to each other, to show attention to, and to suggest a type of relationship or social status between individuals or groups of people coming in contact with each other. While greeting customs are highlyculture- and situation-specific and may change within a culture depending on social status and relationship, they exist in all known human cultures. Greetings can be expressed both audibly and physically, and often involve a combination of the two. This topic excludes military and ceremonial salutes but includes rituals other than gestures. A greeting can also be expressed in written communications, such as letters and emails.
Greetings are often, but not always, used just prior to a conversation.
Some epochs and cultures have had very elaborate greeting rituals, e.g., greeting of a king.
|"Happy Christmas." or "Merry Christmas."|
|00.01 - 1st January||"Happy New Year!"|
|or etc....||"Good Luck!"|
|or etc...||"Congratulations!" or "Well done!"|
|"Get well soon."|
7. Personal information.
Personal information questions are the basis for any conversation in English and so are important for when you meet somebody for the first time. They are the building blocks from which the rest of the conversation can develop.
Some common questions and a correct form for the answer are as follows:
Notice that we are giving our answers in complete sentences to practice using them though normally we only give short answers.
The structure of the question may be very different to your own native languages but there are rules concerning the structure of sentences in English.
For more information regarding the correct use of the question words such as What, Where, How andWhen refer to our student notes on Question Words.
For more information regarding the correct us of do/does in questions refer to our student notes on Do vs. Does.
With just a little practice you can become very good at asking and answering these basic questions with any native English speaker. Try them the next time you meet an English speaker and you may make a new friend.
8. To be in present.
El verbo "to be" en inglés es equivalente a los verbos "ser" y "estar" en castellano. Su declinación en el presente del indicativo (simple present) es la siguiente:
Subjects: I, you, he, she, it, we, and they.
"You" is singular or plural.
The verb "be" changes with the subject to am, is, or are.
I am a teacher
You are a student.
He is a man.
She is a woman.
It is an apple.
I + you = we
|The verb "be" is the most important verb to learn in English. It's also the most complicated. In the present tense it has three forms: am, is, are. In the past tense, it has two forms: was and were. The verb "be" is also used to make the passive voice.|
9. Simple present.
Simple present is also called present simple.
The simple present expresses an action in the present taking place once, never or several times. It is also used for actions that take place one after another and for actions that are set by a timetable or schedule. The simple present also expresses facts in the present.
Do I think ?
I do not think.
Do you think?
You don't think.
he, she, it thinks
Does he, she, it think?
He, she, it doesn't think.
Do we think?
We don't think.
Do you think?
You don't think.
The simple present is used:
10. Daily routines.
Todos los días realizamos una serie de acciones que se repiten continuamente, estas son conocidas como “Daily Routines” las cuales en la mayoría de los casos están relacionadas con la hora.
Every day I get up at eight o´clock, I have a shower at quarter past eight. After this, I get dressed with my school uniform. I have breakfast at a half past eight. I go to school at quarter to nine; I go home at four o´clock in the afternoon. At half past five, I play in the park with my friends. I go to bed at nine o´clock.
Recuerda que para expresar rutinas y acciones que suceden usualmente se usa el tiempo “Presente simple”, los ejercicios de esta webquest están dirigidos a alumnos con un nivel básico, si quieren aprender más acerca del presente simple y sus usos y/o estructura; pueden consultar las siguientes paginas web abajo citadas en recursos.
Wake up Do the washing up
Have breakfast Have a rest
Have a shower Help the mother
Go to the toilet Have a sandwich
Get dressed Read a book
Comb the hair Do the homework
Brush the teeth Go out/go for a walk
Tidy the room Watch TV
Go to school Write on the diary
Do the cooking Go to bed
Have lunch Play in the park
11. Physical appearance or descriptions.
Physical characteristics can include a variety of things. Hairstyles and facial features play a big role, but aren’t the main ones. Physical characteristics are what you see with the naked eye. They encompass anything you can describe about a person or group of people, just on sight.
12. Present continuous or progressive.
USE 1 Now
Use the Present Continuous with Normal Verbs to express the idea that something is happening now, at this very moment. It can also be used to show that something is not happening now.
USE 2 Longer Actions in Progress Now
In English, "now" can mean: this second, today, this month, this year, this century, and so on. Sometimes, we use the Present Continuous to say that we are in the process of doing a longer action which is in progress; however, we might not be doing it at this exact second.
USE 3 Near Future
Sometimes, speakers use the Present Continuous to indicate that something will or will not happen in the near future.
USE 4 Repetition and Irritation with "Always"
The Present Continuous with words such as "always" or "constantly" expresses the idea that something irritating or shocking often happens. Notice that the meaning is like Simple Present, but with negative emotion. Remember to put the words "always" or "constantly" between "be" and "verb+ing."
I) The positive form of the present continuous.
- Remember to use the Subject (this can be a subject pronoun or a noun -LESSON 1 Click AQUI) plus (+) the verb to be in the present tense (am/is/are) and complement (optional).
The following is the table of the positive form of the present continuous / progressive.
Table #1 ositive Form
- Students forget to use the verb to be
a) My father working (INCORRECT) —> My father IS working. (Correct)
- Sometimes students do not use the -ing form.
b) Robert is play with my sister (INCORRECT) —> Robert is playING with my sister. (CORRECT)
Recuerden de no omitir el sujeto. En español “Esta comiendo” esta usando un sujeto tácito. En ingles siempre debemos decir quien hace la acción (salvo en el imperativo) Entonces en “esta comiendo” el sujeto puede ser el, ella, o ello. En ingles seria “He/she /it is eating” dependiendo del contexto.
II) The negative form of the present continuous
The negative form is used by adding “not” after the verb to be in the present tense form. You may use contractions.
Table # 2:The negative form.
-Some students place the negative first. REMEMBER TO USE THE S+V+C !!!
a) Not working my father (INCORRECT) —> My father isn’t (is + not) working (CORRECT)
- Students use the don’t/doesn’t to do the negative:
b) She doesn’t playing (INCORRECT) —> She isn’t playing (CORRECT)
III) The question form of the present continuous.
We have to put the verb to be + the subject + -ing form + the complement.
<h3 center;\"="" style="font-size: 18px; padding-top: 10px; padding-bottom: 0px; font-weight: normal; margin-bottom: 5px; color: rgb(195, 84, 41); font-family: Georgia, 'Times New Roman'; line-height: 18px;">Are you watching TV?
Remember that we can use the Question words before the structure:
- What are you doing? Answer: I am studying English with my virtual teacher.
- Where is Pedro going? Answer: He is going to the shopping mall.
Table # 3: Question form